Jean Prouve, Prototype of the Demountable Barrack Units for the Engineering Corps of the 5th Army. (1939)
For this project, Prouve made use of a production principle that he had previously employed for the barracks of a young peoples vacation resort in Onville: The barracks’ load bearing structure was a perimeter frame, lined with wooden panels. At the test run for assembling the units, conducted in Berkenwald in Alsace before the general staff, the time needed to build each structure amounted to no more than three hours. The French army ordered 275 of these barracks, but production had to be stopped due to the German invasion.
Eisenwerk Munchen AG, Margarete Steiff Factory, (1903)
A double skinned curtain wall covers the entire three story eastern wing of the 1903 factory. (Subsequently the factory complex was extended with two more pavilions between 1904 and 1908 built in timber structure for economic reasons). The outer skin hangs the full height of the supporting structure, while the inner layer reaches from floor to ceiling respectively. The frame with the curtain wall rests on a concrete base. Friedrich Steiff, himself the builder of the first iron bridge over the rive Brenz, may have been extensively involved in this design.
Gerrit Rietveld, Erasmuslaan Terrace Houses, (1931)
Shortly after building the Rietveld Schroder house, Rietveld designed a row of four terrace houses on Erasmuslaan. Erasmuslaan is not a continuation of the ideas of De Stijl, but rather the Niewe Bouwen movement whose large plate glass windows, steel shutters and extensive use of white is typical of Dutch functionalist architecture of the 1930’s. Number 9 was designed by Gerritt Rietveld and Truus Schroder and built as a model home within which Rietveld included a number of earlier furniture designs.
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